biology key terms

Biology Terms – Glossary of Biology Terms and Definitions. The part of the microscope you look down. For exa…, threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the g…, A condition in which neither of two alleles of a gene is domin…, A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tra…, Anaerobic catabolism of glucose (6C) to pyruvic acid (3C x 2)…, glycolysis and reduction of pyruvate producing ethanol or lact…, absence of O2 result in 2ATP/mol of glucose, presence of O2 results in net 36ATP/mol of glucose, is a linked set of chemical reactions occurring within a cell, Breaking down complex molecules by the chemical addition of wa…, a simple sugar such as glucose, which cannot be broken down in…, A statement that summarizes or describes the observations abou…, A research study conducted to determine the effect that one va…. not be reproduced without the prior and express written consent of Rice University. then you must include on every digital page view the following attribution: Use the information below to generate a citation. Learn these definitions off by heart by. We are adding more terms! This is a list of all biology terms we have at this moment. the variation of living things (plants, animals, microorganism…, -protection of water services... -maintenance of ecosystems... -reco…, -food... -medicinal resources... -products (lumber, paper etc.). Test. Concepts of Biology is designed for the typical introductory biology course for nonmajors, covering standard scope and sequence requirements. OpenStax is part of Rice University, which is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit charitable corporation. How much bigger something appears compared with its actual siz…. are licensed under a, Comparing Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells, Citric Acid Cycle and Oxidative Phosphorylation, The Light-Dependent Reactions of Photosynthesis, Biotechnology in Medicine and Agriculture, Diversity of Microbes, Fungi, and Protists, Waterford's Energy Flow through Ecosystems, https://openstax.org/books/concepts-biology/pages/1-introduction, https://openstax.org/books/concepts-biology/pages/1-key-terms, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. This BiologyWise article is a complete compilation of Botany, Zoology, and Microbiology terms for your reference. using flashcards. citation tool such as, Authors: Samantha Fowler, Rebecca Roush, James Wise. Write. The movement of particles from one area of low concentration t…, A molecule that provides energy for cellular reactions and pro…, The intermolecular attraction between unlike molecules. Spell. All living things __________ to make more of themselves. A term that describes a nonliving factor in an ecosystem. These will help you when answering questions whether they are on worksheets and past papers. 4.0 and you must attribute OpenStax. Here are all the key terms and definitions you need to . Learn biology key terms with free interactive flashcards. If you are redistributing all or part of this book in a print format, PLAY. Capill…, inherited trait that is selected for over time because it allo…, process by which one species evolves and gives rise to many de…, process by which humans modify a species by breeding it for ce…, process in which two or more species evolve in response to cha…, A non-living thing that has an effect on an organism in an eco…, Changes in structures or behaviors that increase an organism's…, Carrier of energy in cells in the body and a compound importan…, Alpha decay is one process that unstable atoms can use to beco…, The basic structural, functional and biological unit of all kn…, An organism which consists of only one cell, The study of bio has changed because of the more modern techno…, An organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural…, The microscope has a big impact on biology because of how prec…, 1. It's our mission to give every student the tools they need to be successful in the classroom. an organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural world, the process of gathering information about events or processes in a careful, orderly way, a logical interpretation based on prior knowledge or experience, a proposed scientific explanation for a set of observations, the variable that is deliberately changed, an experiment where only one variable is tested at a time, the variable that is observed and that changes in response to the manipulated variable, well tested explanation that unifies a broad range of observations, the science that seeks to understand the living world, a collection of living matter enclosed by a barrier that separates the cell from its surroundings, when two cells from different parents unite to produce the first cell of the new organism, when the new organism has a single parent, the combination of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up or breaks down materials as it carries out its life processes, the process by which organisms must keep internal conditions, such as temperature and water content, fairly constant to survive, the ability of a group of organisms to change over time, a decimal system of measurement whose units are based on certain physical standards and are scaled on multiples of 10, devices that produce magnified images of structures that are too small to see with the unaided eye, microscopes that allow light to pass through the specimen and use two lenses to form an image, microscopes that use beams of electrons, rather than light, to produce images, a group of cells grown in a nutrient solution from a single cell, technique in which cells are broken into pieces and the different cell parts are separated, (CHEMICAL) the center of the atom which contains the protons and neutrons, a negatively charged particle (-) with 1/1840 mass of a proton, a pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom, atoms of the same element that differ in the number of neutrons they contain, a substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more elements in definite proportions, formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one atom to another, atom that has a positive or negative charge, bond that forms when electrons are shared between atoms, a slight attraction that develops between the oppositely charged regions of nearby molecules, an attraction between molecules of the same substance, an attraction between molecules of different substances, a material composed of two or more elements or compounds that are physically mixed together but not chemically combined, mixture of two or more substances in which the molecules of the substance are evenly distributed, substance that is dissolved in a solvent to create a solution, mixture of water and non dissolved material, measurement system used to indicate the concentration of hydrogen ions (H+) in solution; ranges from 0 to 14, any compound that forms H+ ions in a solution, a compound that produces hydroxide ions (OH-) in solution, weak acids or bases that react with strong acids or bases to prevent sharp, sudden changes in pH, small unit that can join together with other small units to form polymers, large compound formed by combination of many monomers, compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms, usually in a ratio of 1 : 2 : 1, made mostly from carbon and hydrogen atoms; includes fats, oils, and waxes, containing hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, and phosphorus, monomer of a nucleic acid consisting of three parts: a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base, single stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose, nucleic acid that contains the sugar deoxyribose, macromolecules that contain nitrogen as well as carbon, hydrogen,and oxygen, compound with an amino group (-NH2) on one end and a carboxyl group (-COOH) on the other end, a process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of chemicals, the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction, the elements or compounds produces by a chemical reaction, the energy that is needed to get a reaction started, a substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction, a protein that acts as a biological catalyst, the reactant of enzyme-catalyzed reactions, the scientific study of interactions among organisms and between organisms and their environment, or surroundings, contains the combined portions of the planet in which all of life exists, including land, water, and air, or atmosphere, a group of organisms so similar to one another that they can breed and produce fertile offspring, groups of individuals that belong to the same species and live in the same area, assemblages of different populations that live together in a defined area, collection of all the organisms that live in a particular place, together with their nonliving, or physical, environment, group of ecosystems that have the same climate and similar dominant communities, organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals and use it to produce its own food from inorganic compounds; also called a producer, process by which some plants and some other organisms use light energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and high-energy carbohydrates such as sugars and starches, the process when organisms(bacteria) use chemical energy to produce carbohydrates, organism that relies on other organisms for their energy and food supply; also called consumers, organism that obtains energy by eating only plants, organism that eats both plants and animals, organism that feeds on plant and animal remains and other dead matter, heterotroph that breaks down organic matter, a series of steps in which organisms transfer energy by eating and being eaten, a network of complex interactions formed by the feeding relationships among the various organisms in a ecosystem, a diagram that shows the relative amounts of energy or matter contained within each trophic level in a food chain or food web, the total amount of living tissue within a given trophic level.

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