ashley montagu, School of Electronics and Computer Science - Biography of Ashley Montagu. His other works include Man’s Most Dangerous Myth: The Fallacy of Race (1942; 5th rev. His interactionist stance allowed Montagu to be an effective exponent of the often polarized realms of cultural and physical anthropology. He adamantly opposed racial segregation, arguing that any biological basis for racial differences in intelligence was false, and authored the UNESCO statement on race of 1950. (Montagu 1962). ", Montagu, Ashley. New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article ed., 1972). 1944. A brilliant scientist and articulate social critic, Montagu's vision was of humankind as a single family, diversified in virtually unlimited ways through educational and cultural experiences. ", Montagu, Ashley. He was raised in London's working class East End neighborhood. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The young boy's decision to take the aristocratic name Ashley Montagu distanced him from his father's Polish and his mother's Russian ethnic roots. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_3',167,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_4',167,'0','1']));eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_5',167,'0','2'])); His former colleagues remarked that "Montagu has done more than anyone except Margaret Mead to bring the findings of anthropology to the attention of the public," describing him as "the most prolific and effective popularizer of humanistic subjects since H. G. ", Montagu, Ashley and Robert Merton. He was a writer, known for The Elephant Man (1980), The Force Beyond (1977) and The Irv Kupcinet Show (1953). Montagu's other texts include reference works on heredity (Montagu 1959) and anatomy and physiology (Montagu & Steen 1959), an excellent biography of Edward Tyson (1943), and a large variety of elegant and informative books written for the educated layman. ", Montagu, Ashley. "The Colour Question. From "Veronica Mars" to Rebecca take a look back at the career of Armie Hammer on and off the screen. "The Socio-biology of Man. The following year, the American Humanist Association named him Humanist of the Year. He published this and subsequent versions as Statement on Race (1951; rev. The problem of race preoccupied Montagu from the beginning of his intellectual career (Montagu 1925; 1926), more than a quarter century before the 1954 U.S. Supreme Court desegregation decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (347 U.S. 483). If some of his ideas appear to be relatively uncontroversial and a matter of common knowledge and assent, that very knowledge and assent is in some measure due to the work and efforts of Montagu. Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. His interests gradually centered on the manifestations and human significance of love, the underlying focus much of his later work. He was married to Marjorie Peakes. Ashley Montagu, in full Montague Francis Ashley Montagu, original name Israel Ehrenberg, (born June 28, 1905, London, Eng.—died Nov. 26, 1999, Princeton, N.J.), British American anthropologist noted for his works popularizing anthropology and science. Coming Into Being Among the Australian Aborigines (Montagu 1937) is one of the classic works on this subject and continues to be a useful source, treating such topics as awareness of the facts of maternity and paternity and the significance of ritual sexual mutilation. He could adduce evidence on behalf of the biosocial nature of man (Montagu 1956), while at the same time showing the virtually limitless capacity of education and culture to shape that very nature (Montagu 1962). In short order many of…. eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'newworldencyclopedia_org-medrectangle-4','ezslot_2',162,'0','0'])); In 1922, at the University of London (and later at the University of Florence) Montagu became a student of psychology and anthropology. The scientist was so impressed with the boy that he spent several hours with him and invited him to return at will to study anatomical collections at the museum he directed. The Natural Superiority of Women book. in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards. 1940. Montagu also wrote on such varied topics as human evolution, culture, and child care, and possibly his most influential work is The Natural Superiority of Women (1953). Montagu emphasized that gene-frequency analysis of traits would tell us more about the evolution of human populations. "Natural Selection and the Mental Capacities of Mankind. Montagu's work played a role in that Supreme Court decision, as well as in shaping the social consciousness that ushered it in and has attended it ever since. Wells. ", Montagu, Ashley. It is not known why he decided tochange his name, but it may have been due to prejudice against East End Jews in those days. For twenty years Montagu taught anatomy in American medical schools, and then for six years he served as the chairman of the department of Anthropology at Rutgers. ", Montagu, Ashley. 1947. Ashley Montagu, born Israel Ehrenberg in East London in 1905, was one of those rare men of learning who succeeded in making substantive scholarly contributions to their academic disciplines while at the same time maintaining contact with the educated layman, indeed contributing

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