alabama facts and history

Check our encyclopedia for a gloss on thousands of topics from biographies to the table of elements. Thirty-seven years after the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church bombing which killed four young girls in Birmingham, the FBI released the name of four men—self-proclaimed Cahaba Boys, a branch of the Ku Klux Klan—responsible for the dynamite attack: Robert Chambliss, Herman Cash, Thomas Blanton and Bobby Cherry. Discover an overview of Alabama's rich history, heritage, historic events, and culture. The Tuskegee Airmen, the first African-American flying unit in the U.S. military, were trained in Alabama. During the first half of the 19th century, cotton and slave labor were central to Alabama’s economy. It has been portrayed more, Mississippi joined the Union as the 20th state in 1817 and gets its name from the Mississippi River, which forms its western border. Need a reference? Organized as territory: March 3, 1817Entered Union: Dec. 14, 1819 (22nd State)Present constitution adopted: 1901 In 1965, five months before President Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act prohibiting discriminatory voting practices, thousands of non-violent protesters joined a 54-mile. During the later 19th century, the economy of the state slowly improved with industrialization. During the American Revolution, Vermont more, Settled by the English in 1670, South Carolina became the eighth state to ratify the U.S. constitution in 1788.Itsearly economy was largely agricultural, benefitting from thearea’s fertile soil,andplantation farmersrelied on theslave trade for cheap labor to maximize their more. Population & EconomyHistorical Population Statistics, 1790–PresentPer Capita Personal IncomeMinimum Wage RatesState TaxesFederal Government ExpenditurePercent of People in PovertyBirths and Birth RatesHomeownershipPercentage of Uninsured by State, Society & Culture:Most Livable StatesHealthiest StatesMost Dangerous StatesSmartest StatesCrime IndexResidency Requirements for VotingCompulsory School Attendance LawsDriving Laws, Geography & ClimateRecord Highest TemperaturesRecord Lowest TemperaturesHighest, Lowest, and Mean ElevationsLand and Water Area. All Rights Reserved. The British Foreign Enlistment Act of 1819 forbade the more, The first native New Yorkers were the Lenape, an Algonquin people who hunted, fished and farmed in the area between the Delaware and Hudson rivers. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Hank Aaron baseball player;Ralph Abernathy civil rights activist;Tallulah Bankhead actress;Hugo L. Black jurist;George Washington Carver educator, agricultural chemist;Nat "King" Cole entertainer;Mia Hamm soccer player;Lionel Hampton jazz musician;W. C. Handy composer; Courtney Cox actress;Helen Keller author and educator;Coretta Scott King civil rights leader;Harper Lee writer;Carl Lewis athlete;Joe Louis boxer;Willie Mays baseball player;Jim Nabors actor; Jesse Owens athlete;Rosa Parks civil rights activist;Condoleeza Rice Secretary of State;Wayne Rogers actor;George Wallace governor;William Weatherford/Red Eagle Creek leader;Hank Williams singer and songwriter. General: Steve Marshall, R (apptd. There’s a lot of great history in Alabama, and because some of the state’s historical events are better known than others, there may be some you aren’t quite familiar with. With an abundance of more, Part of the land acquired in the Louisiana Purchase, Arkansas became a separate territory in 1819 and achieved statehood in 1836. Which of these historical facts surprised you? Median Age: 37.9See Also: Additional Alabama Census Data. Representatives: 7Senators: Richard Shelby, R (to Jan. 2023); Doug Jones, D (to Jan. 2021)See Also: Historical biographies of Alabama Congress members, Residents: Alabamian, AlabamanResident population: 4,858,979 (24rd Largest State, 2015)10 largest cities (2014): Birmingham, 212,461; Montgomery, 200,602; Mobile, 194,288; Huntsville, 190,582; Tuscaloosa, 98,332; Hoover, 84,848; Dothan, 68,567; Auburn, 62,059; Decatur, 55,437; Madison, 46,962Race/Ethnicity (2010 Census): White (68.5%); Black (26.2%); American Indian (0.6%); Asian (1.1%); Other race (2.0%); Two or more races (1.5%); Hispanic/Latino (3.9%).Religion: Protestant (78%); No religion (12%); Catholic (7%); Mormon (1%); Other (2%)Sex: Male (48.4%); Female (51.6%).Age: Under 18 (22.5%); 18-64 (63.4%); 65 and over (14.1%). While we’re continuing to feature destinations that make our state wonderful, we don’t expect or encourage you to go check them out immediately. You'll receive your first newsletter soon! SW of ClantonNumber of counties: 67Largest county by population and area: Jefferson, 658,327 (2012); Baldwin, 1,596 sq mi.State forests: 21 (48,000 ac. The state of Alabama got its name from the Alabama River.. 2. The first permanent European settlement in Alabama was founded by the French at Fort Louis de la Mobile in 1702. Brush up on your geography and finally learn what countries are in Eastern Europe with our maps. Europeans reached the area in the 16th century. The name Alabama is derived from an Indian word meaning "thicket clearers." Chambliss, originally charged alone, was acquitted of murder in 1963, but was sentenced to life in prison when the case was reopened in 1977. Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. Enter your e-mail address for things to do, restaurants to try and much more! In the early 21st century, the state’s economy was fueled in part by jobs in aerospace, agriculture, auto production and the service sector. He died in prison in 1985. At Tuskegee Institute, founded in 1881 by Booker T. Washington, Dr. George Washington Carver carried out his famous agricultural research. And on that note, please nominate your favorite local business that could use some love right now: Jennifer is the Alabama staff writer for Only In Your State and has nearly 15 years of professional writing experience. Infoplease knows the value of having sources you can trust. © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. The Saturn V rocket that made it possible for humans to land on the moon was designed in Huntsville, Alabama. Get more stories delivered right to your email. Europeans began to explore the region at the beginning of the 16th century–among the first was Giovanni da Verrazzano, an Italian more, The largest of the U.S. states east of the Mississippi River and the youngest of the 13 former English colonies, Georgia was founded in 1732, at which time its boundaries were even larger—including much of the present-day states of Alabama and Mississippi. Alabama, which joined the union as the 22nd state in 1819, is located in the southern United States and nicknamed the “Heart of Dixie.” The region that became Alabama … We've got you covered with our map collection. In the 1950s and '60s, Alabama was the site of such landmark civil-rights actions as the bus boycott in Montgomery (1955-56) and the “Freedom March“ from Selma to Montgomery (1965). The state also has modest telecommunication and banking sectors. Learn more about the world with our collection of regional and country maps. )Area codes Tourism office, See more on Alabama:Encyclopedia: AlabamaEncyclopedia: GeographyEncyclopedia: EconomyEncyclopedia: GovernmentEncyclopedia: HistoryMonthly Temperature Extremes. The Alabama claims were brought by the United States against Great Britain for the damage caused by several Confederate warships built in Liverpool during the Civil War, most notably the commerce raiders Alabama and Florida. Early inhabitants of the area that became Mississippi included the Choctaw, Natchez and Chickasaw. of State: John Merrill, R (to Jan. 2023)General Treasurer: John McMillan, R (to Jan. 2021)Atty. Infoplease is a reference and learning site, combining the contents of an encyclopedia, a dictionary, an atlas and several almanacs loaded with facts. In 1919, the city of Enterprise erected a monument to the boll weevil in recognition of the destructive insect’s role in saving the county’s economy by encouraging farmers to grow more lucrative crops such as peanuts instead of traditional cotton. Learn more about the mythic conflict between the Argives and the Trojans. GDP: 211 billion dollars (27th in U.S., 2017)Unemployment: 4.0% (2017)Overview: Alabama has transitioned from being an agricultural economy to a diversified industrial one. The DeSoto Caverns near the city of Birmingham, which contain a 2,000-year-old Native American burial site, served as a clandestine speakeasy with dancing and gambling during Prohibition. A slave state, Arkansas became the ninth state to secede from the union and join the Confederate States of America. Not sure about the geography of the middle east? Their accomplished combat record, including the accumulation of more than 850 medals, was an important factor in President Truman’s decision to desegregate armed forces in 1948. What are some other interesting historical facts about Alabama? Take a peek at Alabama history. The Confederacy was founded at Montgomery in Feb. 1861, and, for a time, the city was the Confederate capital. Points of interest include the Helen Keller birthplace at Tuscumbia, the Space and Rocket Center at Huntsville, the White House of the Confederacy, the restored state Capitol, the Civil Rights Memorial, the Rosa Parks Museum & Library, and the Shakespeare Festival Theater Complex in Montgomery; the Civil Rights Institute and the McWane Center in Birmingham; the Russell Cave near Bridgeport; the Bellingrath Gardens at Theodore; the USS Alabama at Mobile; Mound State Monument near Tuscaloosa; and the Gulf Coast area. Nickname(s): The Yellowhammer State; The Heart of Dixie; The Cotton State, Motto: Audemus jura nostra defendere (“We dare maintain our rights”), Bird: Yellowhammer Woodpecker (Northern Flicker), by government)U.S. It was in Alabama that Rosa Parks started a civil rights movement by refusing to give up her seat to … Since the late 20th century, the state has seen major growth in its automotive sector, as well as other heavy industries like steel production and fabrication. Continuing as a major manufacturer of coal, iron, and steel, Birmingham is also noted for its world-renowned medical center. Governor: Will Ainsworth, R (to Jan. 2021) Secy. She enjoys discovering new places and currently calls North Alabama home. Twenty-two counties were declared federal disaster areas. Alabama was the first state to declare Christmas a legal holiday, in 1836. Spanish explorers are believed to have arrived at Mobile Bay in 1519, and the territory was visited in 1540 by the explorer Hernando de Soto. The state ranks high in the production of poultry, soybeans, milk, vegetables, livestock, wheat, cattle, cotton, peanuts, fruits, hogs, and corn. 12 Interesting Things You Didn’t Know About The History Of Alabama 1. In the mid-20th century, Alabama was at the center of the American Civil Rights Movement and home to such pivotal events as the Montgomery Bus Boycott. The British gained control of the area in 1763 by the Treaty of Paris but had to cede almost all the Alabama region to the U.S. and Spain after the American Revolution. Thank you! We’re aware that these uncertain times are limiting many aspects of life as we all practice social and physical distancing.

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